Lincolnshire Voices: a photographic coda by Neil Sentance


A small hoard of old photographs was recently rediscovered by my family. They depict scenes from the life – and death – of North End, my grandparents’ 200-acre mixed arable and dairy farm on the Lincolnshire–Nottinghamshire border. North End features heavily in my books Water and Sky (2014) and Ridge and Furrow (2019), both published by Little Toller. The photographs are presented here with extracts from the books, and form a tailpiece to the story of that place, that time.


My mother’s family farmed near the banks of the River Witham from the 1920s. In the 1970s, I spent so much of my summer holidays rambling over that farm, and in particular to the ford at the riverfield. (Water & Sky, ‘1978: Rainbow Trout at the Foston Ford’)


Auntie Marion by the River Witham at Foston, 1970


River Witham at Foston, December 1983


Grandad would have been up for hours already, out with his flat cap over his line-corrugated bald head, to feed the beasts and size up the day. (Water & Sky, ‘1934: Man of the Fields’)


Grandad Ted Paley, in trademark blue overalls, cowshed at North End, 1983


Grandad Paley, feeding time, 1983



Mum would talk about her days at the ford, summer holidays of cow ‘tenting’… she would take the cows down Long Lane… and the cows would chomp the grasses of the wide roadside verges… a wayside transhumance. (Water & Sky, ‘1978: Rainbow Trout at the Foston Ford’)


Grandad Paley, cow tenting, 1983


Saturday afternoons were for cricketing… As a boy he’d had dreams of going professional, of becoming a Player, of honing his leg-cutters and toe-crunching yorkers at Trent Bridge and round the counties. But his dad wouldn’t hear of it, needing him for the farm… (Water & Sky, ‘1934: Man of the Fields’)


Young Ted Paley, 1930s


Mum can indulge her passion for the Old West … the country she played in a child became the Great Plains and Monument Valley, the chalky Lincoln mesa threaded with muddy gulches, the tinkling River Witham her proxy white-water Rio Grande… To see her father and the cowman striding through the great herd in the evening sun – ‘head ‘em up and move ‘em out – was to place her in a cattle-drive in the classic film Red River… (Ridge & Furrow, ‘1963: Dreams of the Old West’)


Grandad Paley, among the herd, 1983


Grandad Paley, with grand-daughters Rachael and Lisa, and the evening herd, 1990s


Grandad Paley, and his youngest daughter Sandra, harvest, 1983


[His mother] worried for Ted. He’d set himself as a bulwark, but more and more he was his father’s son. She couldn’t fault his industry – last winter he had hand-dug a culvert from the stack yard to the field, and then sunk and brick-lined a deep well down to the water table, thinking little of the risk of drowning during its construction. But his harshness could turn to violence. She was thinking of Emil, the German POW, who had been detailed to work in the lucerne fields. Ted and the cowman Horace had been talking by the field edge, both swearing for a solid half hour and never saying the same thing twice. They could see Emil had got his cart stuck in a track rut, and was whipping the horse, cursing in his own language. Ted had run out and climbed on the cart board and punched the German on the jaw… (Ridge & Furrow, ‘1946: Blood Will Tell’)  


Ted Paley and his hired hand Horace Armstrong, harvest, 1940s



I had come back to the farm to make a self-conscious final tour of my childhood imaginarium, a micro-landscape I knew so well, ghosts behind every barn door. (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


Stackyard, dairy, Dutch barns, water tower and farmhouse, from the homefield, 1983


Under the water tower, amongst a nest of iron supports, was the kennel where a succession of farm dogs had lived… I feared them as a small boy… the look of frustration in their mustelid eyes when tethered, their hot slavering mouths full of long yellow teeth. (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


Floss, the friendly farm-dog, who petrified me as a small boy, 1970s


The homefield, the farmyard’s yawning hinterland, and the edge of the slurry pond dug out singlehandedly by grandad long ago. (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


Homefield and slurry pond, winter, 1990s



Homefield, looking north-east towards the Lincoln Edge, 1990s



Grandad Paley, feeding his beasts, homefield, 1983


The pond, cattle reflection, 1983


My grandmother Mary… was more sentimental about leaving the farmstead: it had been a life of hard graft and thrift, but she’d give her cheerful bosomy shrug and produce one of her gnomic sayings: ‘We’re not short of what we’ve got.’ (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


Mary Paley, with her two eldest daughters Janet and Gillian, 1947


Mary Paley, egg collecting, 1940s


Mary Paley, with daughters Janet, Gillian and Patricia, and unknown man, possibly an Italian farmhand and former POW, 1950


Granny Paley, herdswoman, 1983


The notices had appeared in the Journal and the Advertiser. After seventy years North End farm was up for sale. (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


Sale of farm tools, old cattle shed, North End, 1995


The chicken huts, part hidden behind high nettles… on corroded wheels from the time when they’d be repositioned across fields to provide an even composting. There was also a large corrugated poultry shed, another place of terror for me as young boy, the roosters seeming as tall as me in their strutting cocksureness, their beaks angular and quick to peck, their faces an angry red – I would hide timorously behind my grandmother’s skirt as she fed them from the pail, and silently sympathise with the bantams cowering in the rafters. (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


The once terrifying chicken sheds, now empty auction lots, 1995


Next to the wall was the former dovecote and workshop, eighteenth-century vernacular buildings and survivors from a previous farm… now there was a general air of dereliction, as if the mellowed bricks knew they’d soon be demolished to red dust. (Water & Sky, ‘1995: North End’)


The stackyard and its ancient red-brick workshop with pantile roof, 1995. It wasn’t saved when the site was later developed for a housing estate


Dutch barn, from the front garden of North End farmhouse, 1990s


Grandad and Granny Paley, nearing retirement, 1990s


I last visited North End in 2014:


Return to North End

Sweeping back a silvery strand of hair, my mother stooped to listen to my seven-year-old son: ‘Granny, where is the farm?’ My eleven-year-old daughter Evie tried to explain: ‘It’s gone, Noah. It was where these new houses are now.’ It was a hot day in early August, a dust-filled breeze blowing off the prairies next to the main road, the A1, rumbling like an ocean roller a mile or so across the fields…

It had been ten years since I was last here, in the village on the Lincolnshire–Nottinghamshire border where my mother’s family had farmed for seventy years, and where I spent the long holidays of my young years, rambling over its fields, biking the lanes, fishing at the Witham ford. We parked on Newark Hill and tramped down the green lane, past the tumbledown cottage where the village midwife had lived in my mother’s time, and towards the parish hall where my parents had met at a dance in 1965, and had later held their wedding reception, all polyester and rayon, Bass ales and Babycham. We walked along Church Street and the children noticed the old school, date-marked 1847, at first sight very like their own Victorian country school back home in Dorset. This one though had been closed for thirty years. The bell in the mini-campanile was silent. Ghost impressions of the marking-out of ball games were still visible on the gable walls. A neat laurel hedge obscured the railings. My mother stopped by the lane end, recalling a whitewashed cottage where the Hayes boys had lived; brought up on goats’ milk they’d been the ruddiest, roundest kids in the school. The cottage had been replaced by new houses, risibly ornate with baroque gates that no doubt opened electronically. Neighbourhood Watch signs were stuck on front windows; alarm boxes hung above heavy-duty doors.

The church loomed beyond, St Peters, solid Norman-towered, though framed now by scaffolding and warnings of falling masonry. Apparently, some of its lead roof had been thieved in recent times, and winter gales had lifted some more; the stonework was spalled and weather-defaced, the ancient windows smearily opaque. It all looked unloved and unregarded. The weathervane is distinctive, in the form of an old-time tractor, speaking to the village’s agricultural heritage – around the time I was christened here in 1970 there were six farms within the parish boundary; today there are none. We searched for names of tractor-drivers and farmers we knew, along with family headstones, among the battered, lichenous monuments of the graveyard. Grandad’s simple stone was snarled with brambles. We cleared them away, revealing again his engraved name and dates, and those of his two infant sons. With silent contemplation we walked back down the path.

We rounded the corner onto Long Street, past the gentrified sites of the long-gone Black Boy and Black Horse pubs. The former Browns bakehouse, a village store full of sweet jars when I was a child, was now also a blank-faced house. The sad diminuendo continued as we went down the street: ostentatious barn conversions and gated communities, topped by a gobsmacking ‘neo-Georgian’ pile, monstrous and fort-like on a low ridge overlooking Fulbeck Heath. Goosegate Farmhouse, where Grandad was born in 1923, was still there, but the orchard where Mum had played and read as a child had been built over to form a gravel driveway, on which stood multiple expensive cars. Further along was Scrimshaw’s barn, rickety and unpretentious, with its steep-pitched rust-tarnished corrugated roof, an authentic edifice amid the neighbouring restorations and the gaudy new.

It was clear it wasn’t the village we remembered. How could it be? The social and economic changes of the last thirty years were written on its once friendly face. The village was no longer a locus of hard land-working, of craft and natural industry, or a pastoral idyll, or a childhood playground, or any of the other things such places may or may not have been. I’m sure the new villagers enjoy living in this hushed dormitory with good communication links to the towns north and south. But in the middle of the day, there was almost no one about to ask.

As we reached North End, there was a gritty yellow wind coming off the wheatfields. Mum and I found ourselves with watery eyes. Grandad’s farm had stood here, at the village edge. I felt like the narrator in Robert Frost’s poem ‘On the Sale of My Farm’, come back again in the ‘grey disguise of years, seeking ache of memory here’. In front of the 1950s farmhouse, stood billowing willows, green chandeliers of cursive branches, much grown since my time here and pulsing with on-the-go bees and full-colour ichneumons – the kids immediately went to sit in the shade of the trees’ feather-veined leaves. A massive combine harvester thundered by, wheels trampling the verges. The monocrop fields were otherwise silent, the hedgerows threadbare. There were no animals – only a portly cat, sat under a car, and some sober crows, keeping their distance. Of the old farmyard virtually nothing remained, the whole site now a dead-eyed housing estate. The only relic was the clasp to the old five-barred farm gate: a humble vestige, it took on a talismanic significance. My wife took a photo and my mother made a sketch in my notebook. How often had we climbed that white gate, sat on its top and surveyed the world, stretched our ‘orming’ limbs over it as it swung, until it clanged and juddered into that very sneck?

The kids had had enough. I went back for the car, and then we all drove down to the ford over the Witham. A fighter jet, from Waddington or Cranwell, roared overhead. We remembered the story that round the bend of the river here a Lancaster bomber had come down in 1943. Heading for Normanton aerodrome, the pilot had made a fatal misjudgement, maybe mistaking the silvery thread of the river waters for a landing strip: the plane crashed into the river, all aboard were killed and now lie in Long Bennington churchyard. We stood on the iron bridge over the flowing waters below. The adjacent field, where my great-grandfather had been killed by a marauding bull, was full of sugar beet. The riverbanks were a seedy jungle of ragwort, rosebay willow herb and the white-flowering trumpets of greater bindweed. It was long since time to leave.

(from Caught by the River, 4 December 2014)






Neil Sentance was born in Lincolnshire in 1969. He now lives in west Dorset with his wife and two children. A regular contributor to Caught by the River, he is the author of Water and Sky and Ridge and Furrowboth published by Little Toller.

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