JAMES LOVELOCK is an environmentalist, author and chemist best-known for his invention of the ‘electron capture detector’ and as the pioneer of Gaia Theory. He is the author of over 200 scientific papers, several books, and in 1974 became an elected Fellow of the Royal Society. In 2003 he was appointed Companion of Honour, and in 2006 received the Wollaston Medal, the highest Award of the Geological Society.